Country Overview Country Update Documents

Agriculture drives economic growth in Tanzania and accounts for 45% of GDP. Around 80% of the nation’s workforce is engaged in farming and supporting industries. These workers tend 5.1 million hectares of land, 85% of which support food crops. Tanzania is not short of water, having three major lakes, nine river basins and adequate groundwater. However, as few as 300,000 hectares are irrigated. Applying appropriate agricultural water management (AWM) technologies and practises could therefore contribute greatly to stabilising agricultural production and improving livelihoods.

The AgWater Solutions Project has been working in Tanzania for two years. Project staff initially reviewed existing AWM practises and their geographical contexts using field observations, secondary data sources, household interviews and discussions with key organisations. The project’s research has revealed that there are numerous AWM technologies and methods in use in Tanzania. These include:

Conservation Agriculture practises such as terracing, pit and trench farming systems, low tillage and micro-catchment water-harvesting systems;
water harvesting and storage systems, including ndiva, whichstore water overnight, malambo (artificial ponds), sand dams dug in the bottom of seasonal rivers, and tanks to store rainwater flowing off roofs and rocks;
mechanical water-lifting devices including treadle pumps, hip pumps and rope-and-washer pumps;
motorized water-lifting devices, principally diesel pumps;
drip irrigation; and
modern, agency-installed irrigation schemes.
  More information about these AWM solutions and the background situation in Tanzania can be found in the Situation Analysis Briefing Notes.  

Based on the initial review and advice from a range of stakeholders in the country, the project team singled out communal irrigation systems, water-lifting devices and Conservation Agriculture for more detailed review and analysis. These detailed case studies are still on-going but information about their status and other project activities in Tanzania, including research, workshops and mapping, can be found on the Country Update Page.

  Project Country Contacts  
   Title    Name
   Project team contacts in Tanzania    Prof. Henry Mahoo,
   Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA);

   Mr. Victor Kongo,
   Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI); and

   Dr. Bernard Keraita,
   International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
   National Focal Point    Eng. Mbogo Futakamba,
   Deputy Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Water and
   Project Ambassadors for Eastern Africa    Prof. Nuhu Hatibu,
   The Kilimo Trust, Uganda; and

   Dr. Bancy Mati,
   Independent Consultant, Kenya
If you are working on similar issues and would like to discuss them with the project team please contact the project secretariat at: awmsolutions@cgiar.org.