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India
Madhya Pradesh
Overview Background Solutions Documents
Madhya Pradesh is India's second-largest state, covering almost 10% of the nation's geographical area. It is home to 6% of the population, some 60 million people. Of the state's 30.8 million hectares of land, in 2005–6, 15 million were cropped, 1.3 million supported pastures and tree crops, 1.2 million were fallow and 1.2 million were cultivable wasteland. Seventy-three per cent of the state's rural population depend on agriculture but poverty levels are high. In 2000, 37% of people were living in poverty, compared to the national level of 26%. A lack of power hinders agricultural production and the inadequate road network limits access to markets.

The subtropical state has 11 agroclimatic zones. The average rainfall is 1,370mm and decreases from east to west. Madhya Pradesh has 10 major rivers containing 70km3 of water, 70% of which could be harnessed for irrigation. In 2005–6, the net irrigated area was 38% of the area sown with crops. This had changed little since the early 1990s. Existing agricultural water management (AWM) practises include:

Electric pumps.
Treadle pumps.
Diesel pumps.
Rainwater-harvesting structures – to capture water and reduce soil erosion.
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More information about these AWM solutions and the background situation in the country can be found in the Situation Analysis Briefing Notes.

Based on the initial review and advice from a range of stakeholders in the country, the project team subsequently carried out more in-depth research around groundwater availability and sustainability, and related polices. These detailed case studies and information on other project activities in Madhya Pradesh, including research, workshops and mapping, can be found on the Country documents Page.

Activities
Situation Analysis of AWM Technologies
The nongovernmental organization (NGO), Centre for Advanced Research and Development (CARD), based in Bhopal, carried out the Situation Analysis for Madhya Pradesh in 2009. The purpose of this was to provide background material on and analysis of:
  Existing environmental, hydrological and climatic conditions.
  National institutional and policy frameworks related to AWM.
  Typologies of existing AWM practices and their geographic spread.
  Key actors who are supporting the development of AWM in each region.
  Promising AWM solutions that merit further detailed study.
A report based on the Situation Analysis has been prepared and a summary is available as a briefing note.

Stakeholder Consultation Workshop
A Stakeholder Consultation workshop was held on January 8, 2010. More than 50 participants representing different stakeholders – academia, NGOs, policymakers from various departments of the Government of Madhya Pradesh, private sector, financial institutions and several international organizations - participated. Some of the diverse issues addressed during the workshop were:
  Framing the context of AWM in Madhya Pradesh State.
  Sharing the experiences.
  Discussing and identifying gaps in the results of the Situation Analysis.
  Setting priority interventions for promising AWM technologies in different agroecological regions.
A number of AWM solutions were prioritized at the workshop. These formed the basis for more detailed cases studies which are available here.