Barkina Faso
  Countries > India Madhya Pradesh > Overview
Madhya Pradesh
Overview Background Solutions Documents
73% of the rural population of Madhya Pradesh depend on agriculture. The incidence of poverty in the State has declined but is still above the national average of 26%. About half the land, 15 million hectares (Mha), is cultivated but less than 40% is irrigated and a further 2.4 Mha lies fallow.

There are 11 agroclimatic zones in the State, all with different resources and topography. Some have sufficient groundwater, but in others it has already been over exploited; some are hilly while others are flat. Therefore a variety of AWM options are needed, which are tailored to the local conditions.

The Opportunity
In addition to the availability of land and water, there are a range of government policies aimed at supporting smallholder water management. Further, NGOs and the farmers themselves have taken the initiative and introduced AWM including rainwater harvesting, motor pumps, pedal pumps and gravity irrigation systems.
Madhya Pradesh
West Bengal
  Mapping the Potential  
  Livelihoods maps can be used to identify where people will benefit most from AWM interventions. Different contexts create different needs and require different types of AWM and other investments. Equally, different livelihood groups have different needs - water is more important to some livelihoods than others.

The maps produced by the proect are based on areas where rural people share relatively homogeneous living conditions.

The livelihoods information was combined with other factors to produce maps of potential investment for AWM. These show where AWM can be the entry point for improving livelihoods and where to prioritize investments in AWM to have the maximum impact on rural livelihoods. The areas showing the highest potential for AWM investment were identified on the basis of:

  Where water is physically available.
  Where water is key for livelihoods, i.e. the extent to which livelihoods depend on secure access to sufficient water and where lack of water is a major constraint for rural populations. Factors include population pressure and seasonality of water availability.
  Where most of the target beneficiaries are located based on rural population density and poverty rate.
Project Country Contacts
Technologies Name
Country Coordinator and Project Contact Point Ravinder Malik
International Water Management Institute, New Delhi, - India
National Focal Point
National Dialogue Facilitator Vivek Sharma
Centre for Advanced Research & Development -Bhopal
Project Ambassadors for India Vijay Shankar
Samaji Pragati Sahayog

Manas Kumar Satpathy

Mercy Dikito-Wachtmeister
GWP Secretariat